Western blotting, also known as immunoblotting or protein blotting, is a core technique in cell and molecular biology . In most basic terms, it is used to detect the presence of a specific protein in a complex mixture extracted from cells .
The Western blotting procedure relies upon three key elements to accomplish this task:
Once detected, the target protein will be visualized as a band on a blotting membrane, X-ray film, or an imaging system . Since Western blotting is accomplished rapidly, using simple equipment and inexpensive reagents, it is one of the most common laboratory techniques . The results achieved are also easy to interpret, unique, and unambiguous . Therefore, it is routinely used on its own, or along with other immunoassays, in research and clinical settings.
Western blots are in wide use across a broad range of scientific and clinical disciplines . Their ability to clearly show the presence of a specific protein both by size and through the binding of an antibody makes them well-suited for evaluating levels of protein expression in cells, and for monitoring fractions during protein purification . Likewise, they are helpful for comparing expression of a target protein from various tissues, or seeing how a particular protein responds to disease or drug treatment .
In many cases, Western blots are used in combination with other key antibody based detection techniques, such as ELISAs or immunohistochemistry.
Antibodies selected for immunodetection should be Western blot tested if possible, with attention paid to the experimental conditions recommended by the antibody supplier . Usually, Western blot positive antibodies recognize a short linear sequence of amino acids found within the target protein that remains intact, or becomes visible, when the target protein is fully unraveled . This is because most Western blots are carried out under denaturing and reducing conditions which remove all higher order protein structure .
In contrast, some epitopes can be conformational, forming a three dimensional structural configuration of amino acids that will be lost upon denaturation of the protein . Thus, not all antibodies work in a typical Western blot . Since Western blot procedures allow for flexibility in choosing gel electrophoresis and blotting conditions, it is possible to modify buffers to retain enough higher order protein structure for detection by some antibodies .
AbD Serotec is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of primary and secondary antibodies for Western blot anaylsis. In addition, we offer ISO-certified pre-made buffers to simplify immunostaining and make results more consistent from blot to blot. Our 100% Satisfaction Guarantee is backed by our quality, which makes ordering from AbD Serotec totally risk free!
|AbGUARD® AP Stabilizer||100 ml||C, E, P, WB|
|AbGUARD® HRP Stabilizer Plus||100 ml||C, E, P, WB|
|AbGUARD® HRP Stabilizer Plus||1000 ml||C, E, P, WB|
|AbGUARD® HRP Stabilizer Plus||500 ml||C, E, P, WB|
|Block ACE||20 X 4g||E, WB|
|Horseradish Peroxidase||25 mg||E, WB|
|Protein Stabilizer||100 ml||IY|
|Protein Stabilizer||1000 ml||IY|
Our range of specialized reagents are designed to significantly improve results in Western blotting:
AbD Serotec offers a range of antibodies to popular loading controls suitable for Western blotting. Our loading control antibodies are offered in a variety of different formats ideal for saving time with direct staining techniques and for use in infrared imaging systems e.g. LI-COR Odyssey®.
|Human anti Cyclophilin A:Biotin||0.1 mg||E, WB|
|Human anti Cyclophilin A:DyLight®680||0.1 mg||WB|
|Human anti Cyclophilin A:DyLight®750||0.1 mg||WB|
|Human anti Cyclophilin A:DyLight®800||0.1 mg||WB|
|Human anti Cyclophilin A:HRP||0.1 mg||E, WB|
|Human anti Cyclophilin A||0.1 mg||E, WB|
|Human anti Human Actin beta:DyLight®680||0.1 mg||F, WB|
|Human anti Human Actin beta:DyLight®800||0.1 mg||WB|
|Human anti Human Actin beta:HRP||0.1 mg||WB|
|Human anti Human Actin beta||0.5 mg||WB|
|Mouse anti Human Actin beta||0.1 mg||C, IF, WB|
|Mouse anti Human Cyclophilin A:Preservative Free||0.1 mg||WB|
|Mouse anti PCNA||0.1 mg||C, F *, IP, P, WB|
|Mouse anti Porcine Tubulin beta (N-Terminal)||0.1 mg||C, E, WB|
|Mouse anti Rabbit GAPDH:Biotin||0.1 mg||C, E, IF, IP, WB|
|Mouse anti Rabbit GAPDH:DyLight®680||0.1 mg||WB|
|Mouse anti Rabbit GAPDH:DyLight®750||0.1 mg||WB|
|Mouse anti Rabbit GAPDH||1 mg||C, E, IF, IP, WB|
|Rabbit anti GAPDH (C-Terminal)||50 µg||WB|
|Rabbit anti Human VDAC1||50 µg||E, P *, WB|
|Rabbit anti PCNA||50 µg||E, P *, WB|
|Rat anti Tubulin alpha:DyLight®750||0.1 mg||WB|
|Rat anti Tubulin alpha:DyLight®800||0.1 mg||WB|
|Rat anti Tubulin alpha:HRP||0.1 mg||C, E, WB|
|Rat anti Tubulin alpha||0.5 mg||C, E, IF, IP, R, WB|
|Donkey anti Rabbit IgG (H/L) (Human/Rat/Mouse Adsorbed)||1 mg||C, E|
|Goat anti Chicken IgA:FITC||1 mg||C, F|
|Goat anti Chicken IgG (Fc):HRP||1 mg||E|
|Goat anti Human IgA alpha Chain:Alk. Phos.||1 mg||C, E, WB|
|Goat anti Human IgA:HRP||1 ml||E, P, WB|
|Goat anti Human IgG F(ab')2:HRP||0.5 ml||E, WB|
|Goat anti Human IgG/A/M:HRP||2 mg||E, WB|
|Goat anti Human IgM:Biotin||1 mg||E, F, IB|
|Goat anti Human Lambda Light Chain:RPE||0.5 mg||F|
|Goat anti Rabbit IgG/IgM:RPE||0.5 mg||F|
|Goat anti Rabbit IgG||1 mg||E, IB|
|Goat anti Rat IgM:HRP||0.5 mg||E, WB|
|Goat Fab anti Mouse IgG (H/L)||1 mg||E|
|Human anti Mouse IgG3:RPE||100 Tests||F|
|Mouse anti Bovine IgG2:HRP||0.25 mg||E|
|Mouse anti Human IgE||0.2 mg||E|
|Mouse anti Rabbit IgM (B Cell Marker)||0.1 mg||C, F|
|Mouse anti Rat IgA Heavy Chain:FITC||0.5 mg||F|
|Mouse anti Rat IgM Heavy Chain:Biotin||0.5 mg||E|
|Mouse anti Sheep IgM:FITC||0.1 mg||F|
|Purified Horse IgG||10 mg||E, ID|
|Rabbit anti Goat IgG (Fab')||0.5 mg||E|
|Rabbit anti Sheep IgA:Alk. Phos.||0.5 mg||E|
|Sheep anti Bovine IgA:HRP||1 mg||E|
|Sheep anti Mouse IgG (H/L):FITC||1 mg||C|
Horseradish-peroxidase conjugated antibodies are preferentially used whenever an indirect method is used for detection on Western Blots. AbD Serotec supplies a range of species specific antibodies recognizing immunoglobulin or any of its isotypes. Monoclonal and polyclonal secondary antibodies are available, as a whole IgG or a F(ab’)2 fragment. Performance is further enhanced by affinity purification for all STAR reagents and many anti-mouse, -rat, and -hamster secondary antibodies are multi-species adsorbed.
LI-COR Odyssey® is a registered trademark of LI-COR Biosciences, Inc. USA.
AbGuard® is a registered trademark of MorphoSys UK Ltd